Rules of the Road

The Rules of the Road are there to regulate traffic flow, to ensure safety and to protect the rights of individual road users. If everyone adheres to the Rules of the Road, the chances of accidents will be greatly reduced.


  • Drive on the left side of the road. (Add Pic)
  • On a one-way road, you may drive on the right side of the road, only if it is safe to do so.
  • A traffic officer’s instructions always take precedence over a rule of the road or road signs.
  • Maintain a safe following distance behind the vehicle ahead of you.
  • Every vehicle must display a valid motor vehicle license disc (Clearance Certificate) that must be renewed every 12 months.
  • You must move out of the way emergency vehicles sounding a siren or warning device.
  • NOTE: Drivers of medical and fire-fighting response vehicles, ans person specifically authorized to do so, are permitted to exceed the speed limit and to disregard road signs, but only if this is necessary during the course of their duties.
  • At least one double-sided reflective triangle must be carried in all vehicles first registered on or after 1 July 2006.

Speed Limits

The general speed limits are:

  • 60km per hour on roads in an Urban area.
  • 100km per hour on roads outside an Urban area for vehicles under 9000kg, and 80km per hour on roads for vehicles 9000kg and above. (Add Pic)
  • 100km per hour on roads outside an Urban area for buses and mini-buses conveying passengers.
  • 120km per hour on Freeways, and 80km per hour for vehicles exceeding 9000kg.
  • A sign that indicates a different speed limit from the general speed limit always overrides the general speed limit. (Add Pic)

Divided Roads

Where a road is divided by a painted or physical barrier, always stay on the left side of the road. Cross this type or road only at an opening or space specifically indicated for this purpose. If no traffic signs forbid a U-Turn, and provided that it is safe, you may make a U-Turn across a broken divided line. (Add Pic)

Overtaking and Passing

  • When passing on-coming traffic, keep on the left and maintain a clear space between your vehicle and other vehicles.
  • When overtaking another vehicle traveling in the same direction , pass on the right side of that vehicle and keep a safe distance from it. Do not cut in-front of it when returning to the left side of the road. (Add Pic)
  • Do not drive on the right side of the roadway in the face of oncoming traffic.
  • If it is safe to do so, you may overtake on the left when:
    1. – the vehicle ahead is turning right
    2. – has indicated the intention to turn right
    3. – the road is a one way road
    4. – the road is wide enough for two or more lanes of traffic to travel in the same direction
    5. – the road is wide enough and is marked with traffic lanes traveling in the same direction
    6. – instructed by a traffic officer
  • Do not drive on the shoulder or verge of the road when overtaking.
  • Do not overtake on a blind rise, curve or any other place where your view of the road ahead is limited and there might be on-coming traffic. (Add Pic)
  • Look for passengers boarding or leaving a stationary bus.
  • Do not cross a solid white no-overtaking line, unless it is on the far side of a broken divided line.

When being overtaken

  • Move over to the left to allow other vehicles to pass.
  • Do not accelerate.

Shoulders of the Road

You may not drive on the shoulder of the road, left of the yellow edge line, except on a single lane roadway between sunrise and sunset to allow other vehicles to overtake, and if safe to do so and visibility is good for at least 150m. You may not drive on the right side of the far-side solid white edge marking line at any time.

Crossing/ Entering a Road or Traffic Lane

You may not enter or cross a road or traffic lane if your vehicle is likely to cause a dangerous situation or obstruct the traffic flow.

Driving Signals

  • You must indicate your intention to change direction, to reduce speed or to stop.
  • Indicate in away that can be clearly seen by other road users for a suitable length of time. ie: Indicators, Stop Lights, Hand Signals
  • NOTE: Lightly touch the brakes so that the brake light show that you are slowing down or stopping. (Add Pic)


Turning Procedure

  • When turning left, indicate your intention beforehand and keep as close as possible to the left side of the road. (Add Pic)
  • When turning right, indicate your intention beforehand and keep as close as possible to the right side of the road. (Add Pic)
    1. – give way to any oncoming traffic before turning.
    2. – while waiting to turn, keep the vehicle and the wheels straight to avoid being bumped from behind into oncoming traffic.
    3. – before you begin to turn, check that no-one is overtaking you.
    4. – cross the centre line of the road you are turning into, so that you join the traffic flow on the left-hand side.
    5. – pass to the left of any traffic island or traffic officer controlling the intersection.


  • Motorcycles and Motor-tricycles may not tow another vehicle.
  • It is unsafe to tow a motorcycle unless it is on a trailer.
  • The distance between the two vehicles may not be more then 3.5m. (Add Pic)
  • The towed vehicle must be controlled by a licensed driver unless the tow-rope has been replaced by a steering control device or the front wheels are off the road.
  • You may not be towed faster than 30km per hour, unless a solid bar is used. (Add Pic)
  • You may not tow a vehicle carrying passengers at a speed of more than 30km per hour unless the towed vehicle is a semi-trailer.
  • If there is a minimum speed limit of more than 30 km per hour applicable, it will be unlawful to tow with a tow-rope.


  • You may not stop on the road unless instructed to do so by a traffic officer, or a road sign, or traffic signal, or to avoid an accident, or for a cause beyond your control.
  • You may not stop:
    1. – next to or opposite an excavation if this would obstruct the traffic flow,
    2. – in a tunnel or subway, on a bridge,
    3. – within 6 meters of a tunnel, subway or bridge, (Add Pic)
    4. – within 6 meters of a place where the road width has been narrowed,
    5. – on the right-hand side of the road facing oncoming traffic, (Add Pic)
    6. – next to or opposite another vehicle where the road is less than 9m wide,
    7. – within a railway reserve at a level crossing,
    8. – within 9m of the approach side of a pedestrian crossing,
    9. – where you would cause an obstruction or danger to traffic.


Parking is defined as “Stopping for longer than is necessary to off-load goods or passengers

  • You may not park:
    1. – in any no-stopping area,
    2. – within 1.5 meters of a fire hydrant,
    3. – where you would obscure a road sign,
    4. – on a pavement, unless the vehicle is used for business by a peddler, street vendor or hawker,
    5. – across a private vehicle entrance,
    6. – within 1 meter of the edge of a road outside an Urban area, unless it is in a demarcated parking bay, (Add Pic)
    7. – within 5 meters of an intersection,
    8. – over the activating mechanism of a traffic light,
    9. – with the outer edge of the kerbside wheel more than 450mm into the roadway, unless permitted by a road sign,
    10. – where the road is less then 5.5 meters wide, unless it is a one-way road,
    11. – on a traffic island, or in a pedestrian mall or lane.
  • If a vehicle is illegally parked, it can be impounded and the owner is liable for the costs of removal and impounding.
  • Emergency vehicles, rescue vehicles, construction vehicles and traffic officers are not subject to these rules if they and in the course of duty.
  • You may park on the right side of a one-way road but with the outer edge of the right side wheels not more than 450mm into the roadway.

Compulsory Stops

You must stop:

  • if directed to do so by a traffic officer or road sign,
  • at the request of a person herding farm animals, (Add Pic)
  • if you are involved in an accident.

General duties of drivers and passengers

You may not:

  • travel backwards for further than is reasonably necessary,
  • follow another vehicle to closely in relation to the speed and traffic conditions, (Add Pic)
  •  allow another person or animal to interfere with your control of the vehicle or your ability to indicate your intention to stop, slow down or turn,
  • allow another person to steer unless you become incapable of steering,
  • leave a vehicle unattended without setting the brake or using some other method to prevent it from moving,
  • Move from a stationary position if it is safe to do so,
  • allow any portion of your own or a passenger’s body to stick out of the vehicle, excluding a motorcycle, while it is in motion, except to give hand signals or while testing the vehicle,
  • allow a person or animal to be anywhere outside or on the vehicle, excluding a motorcycle, while moving,
  • run the engine if it is giving off excessive smoke or fumes, (Add Pic)
  • run the engine when fuel is being pumped into the vehicle or the fuel-tank cap is off,
  • leave the engine of an unattended, stationary vehicle running,
  • deposit fuel, grease, oil, any other flammable, offensive matter, or refuse of any nature onto the road or alongside the road,
  • allow passengers to get on or off the vehicle while it is moving,
  • drive, push or pull a vehicle on a pavement,
  • fail to give way to a vehicle sounding an emergency siren or similar device,
  • operate a communication device held in your hand or any other part off your body while driving. It must be “Hands-Free” or a “Head-Set“. This does not apply to people engaged in official public duties.

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